#model3

Elon Musk’s golden chocolates are already melting

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What is it with Elon Musk that keeps making up such fictitious dreams about the future? So even assuming his $2bn capital raise all goes smoothly, his dream of up to 1,000,000 robo-taxis, Tesla cars doubling in value and a market cap of $500bn is just barking mad. It reminds CM of a time when a mobile phone retailer in Japan, Hikari Tsushin, had Y100 trillion (c.US$1 trillion) market cap gold coin chocolates produced as a hubristic internal target in 2000. 19 years later the shares are only 9% of the peak price reached and 1% of the value of the prophecy embossed on the chocolate. It is up to the market to decide how much a company is worth, not the CEO. A CEO obsessed with the share price is always a dangerous game.

According to CNBC Musk said at his Autonomy Day,

that autonomous driving will transform Tesla into a company with a $500 billion market cap, these people said. Its current market cap stands around $42 billion. He also said that existing Teslas will increase in value as self-driving capabilities are added via software, and will be worth up to $250,000 within three years.

Musk reiterated that because Teslas can be upgraded “over-the-air” with new software-enabled features and functionality, they will appreciate in value, unlike nearly every other car on the market. A Tesla will be worth $150,000 to $250,000 in 3 years, he claimed. He also said that a full self-driving upgrade will increase the value of any Tesla by a half order of magnitude, or five times.

Tesla expects to have 1 million vehicles on the road next year that are able to function as “robo-taxis,” Musk said, reiterating statements made at Autonomy Day and on the company’s Q1 earnings call. Each car should be able to do 100 hours of work a week for its owner, making money as a robo-taxi he told investors.

So if Musk’s cars would be worth $150,000-$250,000 how does that reconcile with a sticker price of $35,000~$124,000? A used 2018 Model S 100D with 18,588 miles on the clock is $60,990. So the above used car could technically be worth c.2.5x higher in Musk’s thought bubble. Where is the stampede of people running to used car lots to hoard compatible Teslas? That has to be one of the best investments out there – forget buying Tesla shares! Buy the used cars. Sadly, about the only cars that appreciate are limited edition classic cars. A mass-market electric car in abundant supply will not be worth a 100% mark-up, even if one takes into account the hypothesis is driven by the revenue uplift of one’s car doing the rounds of a taxi while you sleep.

If Musk truly believes his robo-dream, he should move to immediately raise the price of his cars to the price range he thinks his cars will be worth. Why not bring back residual value guarantees (RVG)? That’s right, he had to take a $121m write-down on existing RVGs this quarter just gone. Guess how many of his current line up he will sell at $150,000-250,000? Zero. That shows us the true value of Tesla. Appreciating Teslas and $500bn market caps. Some of the best comedy going. So is $240/share.

Is Musk losing it?

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Is Tesla CEO Elon Musk losing it? More senior resignations from accounting and HR this week  reveal more cracks in the automaker. He emailed a journalist, calling him a “mother f*cker”. He went further to say he hoped the cave rescuer he called a “”pedo” sued him because a UK man who is single and spent so much time in Thailand must be a child rapist.

He rattled off he had “secured” funding of $420/share to go private and then all of a sudden he didn’t, prompting the SEC to investigate. He was then on radio with comedian Joe Rogan toking what is reportedly a mixture of tobacco and marijuana. Are these the actions of a man running a $50bn market cap company?

Clearly his board can’t control him.  With the shares collapsing and bond prices falling, refinancing will become problematic. Chief  Accounting Officer Dave Morton quit the company after revealing his concerns about the various obstacles Tesla faces.

Tesla’s Chief People Officer, Gabrielle Toledano, took leave in August and said she wouldn’t be returning to Tesla.

Musk has been a genius and visionary to get Tesla where it is today. Yet he is a direct victim of his own hubris. Sleeping under boxes with Tesla bankrupt written on them to living on the factory roof to rattling off about production hell while accusing families of drivers dead due to over reliance in a system he aggressively promoted.Tesla was technically asking for suppliers to refund a portion of the monies they were paid since 2016 to the EV maker so it could post a profit which is borderline accounting manipulation in an attempt to give the impression of an ongoing concern.

He also complained at the lack of support in the media despite being called out on this nonsense.

Musk’s compensation is also linked to a $650bn market cap, which is effectively saying to the market that his company will be worth more than Daimler, BMW, VW, GM, Ford, Toyota, Nissan, Honda, Renault, Fiat-Chrysler, Ferrari and Porsche combined. Just read that last sentence again. Do investors honestly believe that Tesla which consistently misses and is going up against companies that have been in the game for decades, seen brutal cycles, invest multiples more in technology and forgotten more than they remembered will somehow all become slaves to a company which has no technological advantages whatsoever?

The Tesla story is on the ropes. Expect more mega-releases on new products to try to keep the dream alive and the disciples faithful. I guess ‘Lucy in the sky with diamonds’ worked for The Beatles…

Tesla Elongates Fight against ‘unfair’ media

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CM totally sympathizes with clickbait media cycle. Tesla CEO Elon Musk railed at the negative coverage surrounding the company in recent times. The memories are clearly short. The media is generally effusive with praise of Tesla. How most newspapers and magazines fawn over Musk! Dan Primack made this point well:

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Edmunds has also written a damning review of the Model 3 announcing how many problems the car has faced since it was bought.

Some things from the Edmunds long term test were as follows:

The most annoying of those issues was a repeated, uncontrollable increase in stereo volume, sometimes when we weren’t even in the car. Basically, the stereo would suddenly go to full volume without explanation. This and other issues are cataloged from our notes below:

• Would not recognize keycard in or on the console and hence would not go into gear. It did, however, unlock the car. Workaround was to force quit the app and restart the app. Then it would allow the choice of Drive or Reverse.

• The backup camera screen did not appear when reversing.

• Nav screen going haywire: zooming, scrolling, pinching, pixelating all at once.

• Audio system turning on by itself at full volume.

• Audio display randomly moving up and down the screen without any command from a human.

• Audio system came on and went to full volume all by itself while the car was off, locked and unoccupied. I heard it from 100 yards away. “Who is that joker playing his stereo so loud I can hear it from here?” Oh, it’s Elon. I turned it down, but it kept wavering up and down as I started driving, working against my repeated attempts to dial it down. Then it blasted all the way to maximum. My ears are still ringing two hours later. Fixed after reboot. Not sure about hearing damage.

• Audio page leaping up and down rapidly like the up-caret button to expand the source menu was being played with by a kid who ate too much candy. Concurrent with the volume problem above. Same reboot.

• Icons on the map screen flickering.

• The passenger vanity mirror fell off completely. Installed and held on only by double-sided tape. Reinstalled by pressing really hard on the mirror.

• The screen went completely dark on startup, no music or operation. Restarted the car. The screen worked; the backup camera did not.

• The car will not shift into Drive or Reverse upon startup. “Vehicle Systems Are Powering Up. Shift Into D or R After Message Clears.” Have to wait for it to power up. A loud click comes from the rear of the car as if a drive shaft is engaging and the message on the screen goes away.

• The car displays a new message: “Cannot Maintain Vehicle Power. Car May Stop Driving or Shut Down.” No shutdowns yet, but keeping an eye out.

• With 170 miles of range, the car displays a “Regenerative Braking Limited” message. Plenty of available space to store regen power. Logged the issue, then reset the screen with a reboot. The message has not displayed since.

• While the car was parked, the passenger sun visor was left down and the mirror fell out. Pressed back into place. Hoping it won’t fall out again.

While no one should expect reliability to be at levels of mainstream manufacturers that have been at it for decades longer, quality remains a big issue for Tesla. For Musk to slam the media will only lead to responses as this.

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Tesla – reports of only 345 deliveries of Model 3 in November

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Seems that Tesla has only managed to make 345 Model 3s in November. A far cry from the promises to make 5,000 Model 3s every week by December. At the Q3 results the goal was pushed out til March 2018 at the earliest as “production hell” bites. Note that no single mainstream auto supplier is on Tesla’s deck which tells us how little faith they have in the company. Auto suppliers run on the smell of an oily rag and after so many bad experiences won’t accept dealing with auto makers who may jeopardize their own future. Recall how many auto suppliers almost went to the wall (many were in Chapter 11) after the tech bubble collapse at the turn of the century.

The other news is that Norway is ending Tesla subsidies and Germany has now disqualified Tesla Model S subsidies as the cars breach the €60,000 threshold. Finally a government that thinks it’s not advisable to give the well heeled tax breaks when it’s the battling insurance salesman Manfred from Bremen living paycheck to paycheck whose taxes to register his clapped out 1983 VW Golf diesel pay for it.

The shares have languished and even the hype of the new products and outrageous deposits has not converted into a ramp up. Q4 is likely to be a shocker at this rate. When will the faithful eventually pull the plug? Maybe Tesla should gamble the deposits on Bitcoin to see if they can lever cash flows that way?

Tesla Semi to haul new scrip or incomplete Model 3s?

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Elon Musk is rallying the call on his new truck which he is presenting this evening, albeit delayed from the initial Oct 26 launch.  He tweeted, “Tesla Semi Truck unveil to be webcast live on Thursday at 8pm! This will blow your mind clear out of your skull and into an alternate dimension. Just need to find my portal gun …”  If Elon Musk said that Tesla was superseding lead balloons with Li-ion his devout followers would fall for it as a logical progression with cumulus and nimbus charging stations providing endless power top ups. He is the ultimate salesman. One can only imagine the Tesla Semi will haul (in reality) incompleted Model 3s to double up on the promo!

It is hard not to see it as a distraction to tee up the next capital raising by revving up the share price to minimise dilution. Of course we must give full credit to Musk for his ability to rev up excitement among his faithful followers. He can do no wrong in their eyes. Spend 5 minutes on a Tesla owners forum and they are all gushing at their purchase and quick to virtue signal even when seeking help for trouble shooting whether it be a wayward navigation system or quality defects. They are followers of the Tesla cult and see their leader cando no wrong.

Still the truck is fraught with risks as we wrote at the end of last month. First, truck regulations are extremely tough. Even in America, crossing state lines has legal ramifications. While there are overall weight restrictions, there are also weight restrictions over each axle (defer to the DoT’s schematic below). So even if Musk talks of driverless vehicles (a USP for sure), a battery laden truck will likely be heavier than its diesel cousin. Higher rig weight means the less that can be hauled. Think of the Tesla 100D which weighs in at 2,250kg some 22% heavier than a fully loaded M550ix BMW.

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Also truck haulage companies are hugely conservative. Risking the switch to EV trucks could put them out of business. If it takes 30 minutes to “fast charge” a Tesla car how long will it take to charge a stack likely to be at least 10 times larger (300 minutes?) in mass if it’s to have any chance of hauling 35 tonnes any sensible distance.

For the 2018 model series of the major Class 8 truck makers, most have achieved an extra 8% fuel economy gains for on highway performance to around 5.5mpg. Tyre pressure monitoring and new slipstreaming bodies also assist in the fuel savings. With a 150 gallon tank option, a driver can in theory do 1,300km. Battery-powered semi-tractors may be useful in low-speed, short-haul duty cycles, but long-haul makes little sense because of the batteries bulk, weight and expense.

The battery pack in a Tesla Model S passenger car weighs in at around 600kg. The diesel engine in a Freightliner Cascade Class-8 truck weighs around 1.2 tonnes. So if we assume that the basic Tesla Semi package (ex powertrain), is more or less the same as the Cascade will two sets of Tesla 85D battery packs suffice to give similar range? As we mentioned earlier, in order to give a similar 400km range in a truck having to haul 30+ tonnes it is easy to imagine battery packs being at least 10x the amount needed for an 85D car. So 6 tonnes of batteries replacing a 1.5 tonne engine transmission combination. That would mean 4.5 tonnes less carrying capacity for a start and even then can it be properly distributed over the axles to meet road regulations? Like the chap above, the average truckie probably cares about the environment as much as his waistline.

Tonight’s truck is only having to move around 10 miles to its event. I’m sure the list of its capabilities will be an envious list “on paper” of its potential. Sadly to CM it looks like a distraction for its struggling Model 3 production woes by selling a future that has many questions about commerciality. Cars are personal modes of transport. Trucks are a business. Trucking companies are hugely conservative and won’t risk replacing an entire fleet until it’s completed rigorous field tests. Yes Class 8 truck sales may have nearly tripled in the last month to over 35,000 units but the series is highly volatile. In the auto world Tesla is playing in a local pond of 17mn vehicles. In trucks that is more a 250-400,000 market. Unless Tesla can promise huge market share gains in a field it has little or no experience  (even though his Tesla Semi Guy was a former Freightliner Cascade head developer) in reaching any economies of scale and reaching out to 1000s of haulage companies will be a stretch.

However spectacular the Tesla Semi lunch will be expect the share price to be pumped on the news don’t be surprised if an equity capital raising is towed behind it. Remember that farside cartoon of Ralph Harrison, king of salespeople, standing on a boat waving to eskimos that he’s just sold refrigerators to? That is Musk. A magician who runs on the smell of an oily rag. Looking forward to seeing if the fanfare proves right.

Tesla – Aussies will remember One.Tel

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Before mobile telecoms provider One.Tel went bust, it had a cash flow situation like this – operating and investing cash flow negative while financing cash flow was positive. Tesla’s looks eerily similar. The problem is simple. If operating cash flows keep falling and investing cash flow keeps rising, at some stage the ability to raise cash (i.e. financing cash flow) becomes problematic. On the basis of Musk’s Q3 tele-conference Q4 cash position is likely to be worse with milestone payments and production being way behind forcing even nastier cash flow headwinds.

The problem Musk faces is that the federal tax credit is coming to an end sometime next year. Currently in California, you get $2500 kick back for buying a Tesla Model 3 on top of your $7500 from Mr Trump. So $10,000 off meaning your $35,000 Tesla only costs $25,000 (29% off). However if the tax incentive is cancelled at the federal level, the $35,000 Tesla is only $32,500 (7% off) meaning some of the 455,000 outstanding orders may wither on the vine. Remember how the virtue signalers in other parts of the world have reacted when generous EV subsidies come off. In HK, orders after the tax break was ended fell to ZERO and in Norway they plummeted 94%.

So Tesla isn’t just running a race against time to get production sorted to stop the cash bleed it faces a double whammy of its pitiful production rate causing order cancellations when people realise that The Donald may have already burnt the federal tax scheme by the time it lands on the dealer forecourt.

What buried One.Tel is that it owed suppliers so much in payments for equipment yet its cash in from customers was not growing fast enough to stop the wave of cash leaving. Tesla may indeed face the predicament of customers demanding the $1,000 deposits back. What was it Musk said about burgers (you can find out on page 6 here). Better start flipping them burgers Tesla!!

Tesla – terrible Q3

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Tesla’s Q3 2017 results came out last night and were in a word terrible with a capital T. Tesla reported an adjusted, non-GAAP loss of $2.92 per share, far worse than the expected loss of $2.27, which was more than double the $1.33 loss in Q2. The chart above tabulates the cash flow progression from the CMR report published Monday. While Tesla claimsit has $3.5bn cash in the bank it has more than $3.9bn in accounts payable liabilities! Tesla continued to burn piles of cash on the factory floor. Q3 cashburn was a record $1.4 billion ($16 million per day): much higher than the $1.2bn forecast.

Im our report we said that production issues were the one area that will catch Tesla out. In the car game, production efficiency is everything- the promises to make 5,000 Model 3s every week by December is now a goal likely pushed out til March 2018 at the earliest as “production hell” bites.

Musk blamed suppliers for having to push back the delivery schedule again, He said,

to date, our primary production constraint has been in the battery module assembly line at Gigafactory 1, where cells are packaged into modules. Four modules are packaged into an aluminum case to form a Model 3 battery pack. The combined complexity of module design and its automated manufacturing process has taken this line longer to ramp than expected. The biggest challenge is that the first two zones of a four zone process, key elements of which were done by manufacturing systems suppliers, had to be taken over and significantly redesigned by Tesla.”

The amusing thing about this quote is that Tesla is somehow telling (presumably Panasonic) how to do mass manufacturing. That is telling in itself – the rookie telling the amateur.

Also in our report we noted that no single mainstream auto supplier is on Tesla’s deck which tells us how little faith they have in the company. Auto suppliers run on the smell of an oily rag and after so many bad experiences won’t accept dealing with auto makers who may jeopardize their own future. Recall how many auto suppliers almost went to the wall (many were in Chapter 11) after the tech bubble collapse at the turn of the century.

Tesla expects capex of $1 billion in Q4 which is mainly for milestone payments on Model 3 production equipment and Gigafactory 1. So cash burn continues.

Tesla promised to redirect “our best engineering talent to fine-tune the automated processes and related robotic programming…and we are confident that throughput will increase substantially in upcoming weeks and ultimately be capable of production rates significantly greater than the original specification.” What??? Why weren’t the engineers working on that before. The whole point of mass production is to stamp out the bugs before a conveyor belt is turned in anger. Tesla, true to rookie form is doing everything back to front.

Are investors starting to see through the charade? Shares were pounded 5% after market. Although some may draw comfort from better Tesla S & X production, Model 3 looks like a nightmare of Halloween. Maybe the next capital raising can be called “trick or treat”!