In the end it is rather academic. Macron won by around 10mn votes. However there are reports that many postal votes were tampered with. Such votes are deemed invalid. The Le Pen campaign told the electoral commission that electoral administrators in several regions, including in Ardeche, Savoie, and the Loire that votes had been systematically torn. Conspiracy theory? Well we only need look at Austria which had to rerun its presidential election a second time after mass voter fraud was discovered. Perhaps ballot papers in the future will need to be made of uranium tipped steel to prevent tampering.