It seems the Swedes are reintroducing conscription after ending it in 2010. After the Cold War ended Swedish defence spending fell from 2.5% of GDP in 1991 to a little over 1% today. At the same time the number of active soldiers has declined. The Defence Minister has called for 4,000 conscripts per annum for 2018 and 2019.
The Swedes see that Russia’s annexation of Crimea l, involvement in Ukraine and one would imagine other Baltic states in time, means they need to insure against potential threats. NATO’s future form is indeed looking uncertain with a Trump administration (whether one believes collusion with Russia or not) so such a scenario means that countries like Sweden may indeed look at individual insurance too. I won’t be surprised to see other European countries follow suit.
Afterall if the US indeed pulls back on a global policeman role, expect the likes of Russia and China to fill the vacuum. I don’t see it as a likelihood anytime soon but the geopolitical landscape in 2017 throws many curve balls. Starting with the French, Dutch, German and possibly Italian elections.